8 things you didn’t know about the deadly Malaria (plus bulletproof tips to stay safe) 

Do you know that the common disease known as Malaria is the ultimate killer of all times with millions of deaths in its portfolio? Although it is surprising but it is also true.

Malaria is a major health problem and Nigeria is one of the few countries that account for nearly 50% of the global malaria deaths. It is estimated that up to 100 million cases of malaria results in over 300,000 deaths in Nigeria every year.

Image result for malaria



Malaria is one of the most severe public health problems worldwide.


It is a leading cause of death and disease in many developing countries, where young children and pregnant women are most affected.

Image result for malaria sick child


This mosquito transmitted disease causes symptoms that generally kick off as a general feeling of un-wellness and later on progresses to fever and headache, which in severe cases can end up in coma or death.


Malaria occurs mostly in poor, tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Local weather conditions often allow transmission to occur year round.

Image result for malaria infested areas


A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission.


The predominant parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum, which is the species that is most likely to cause severe malaria and death.


According to the World Health Organization’s World Malaria Report 2013 and the Global Malaria Action Plan, 3.2 billion people (half the world’s population) live in areas at risk of malaria transmission in 106 countries and territories.


In 2012, malaria caused an estimated 207 million clinical episodes, and 627,000 deaths. An estimated 91% of deaths in 2010 were in the African Region.

Who is most vulnerable?

Image result for vulnerable children

— The most vulnerable are persons with no or little immunity against the disease.

— Young children, who have not yet developed partial immunity to malaria.

— Pregnant women whose immunity is decreased by pregnancy, especially during the first and second pregnancies.

— Travelers or migrants coming from areas with little or no malaria transmission, who lack immunity.

Image result for pregnant african women

Many persons may reach adult age without having built protective immunity and are thus susceptible to the disease, including severe and fatal illness.

The social and economic toll

Malaria imposes substantial costs to both individuals and government.

Infected people spend a substantial amount for the purchase of drugs for treating malaria at home, travelling to dispensaries and clinics for treatment. Cases of absence from school or work occur, also expenses for preventive measures and expenses for burial in case of deaths.

Governments spends money on  maintenance, supply and staffing of health facilities; purchase of drugs and supplies; public health interventions against malaria, such as insecticide spraying or distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets. Loss of income as a result of the sick people’s absence from work and lost opportunities for joint economic ventures and tourism.


Most people survive a bout of malaria after a 10-20 day illness, but it is important to spot the symptoms early. The first symptoms include a headache, aching muscles and weakness or lack of energy. This means it can be confused for other conditions like exhaustion or flu.

Image result for headache animation

The classic sign of the infection is a high fever, followed a few hours later by chills. Two to four days later, this cycle is repeated.

Image result for malaria symptoms pictures

Symptoms can appear any time from six days after being bitten by a mosquito carrying the malaria parasite. The time it takes symptoms to appear – the incubation period – can vary with the type of parasite that the mosquito was carrying.

The type of parasite will also determine whether the disease will be mild or severe.

Anyone can acquire malaria and even the young and fit can die from a serious infection.

The most serious forms of the disease can affect the kidneys and brain and can cause anemia, coma and death.

How can malaria be contained?

A great deal has been spent on malaria research. The main thrust of study is towards developing a cheap vaccine.

Image result for malaria vaccine

None has yet been developed which is approved for general use.

The spread of the disease can be reduced by cutting down the mosquito population, for example by filling ditches where mosquitoes breed and cleaning/repairing dirty gutter.


Early diagnosis can lead to successful treatment so education in spotting the symptoms of malaria is important. The spread of the disease can also be tracked and preparations made.

Bed-nets coated with insecticide have also reduced the incidence of the disease by up to 35%, according to the World Health Organization

Related image



By: Oni Oluyomi


Published by Ogunbowale Olugbenga

Ogunbowale Olugbenga is a multiple award winning social entrepreneur & digital skills expert. An alumnus of the Leadership in Business Institute of Kellogg School of Management (USA), He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology from Obafemi Awolowo University (Nigeria). Inspired by the plight of millions of unemployed youths, Olugbenga founded Epower.ng, a digital agency passionately growing businesses & accelerating the application of digital skills for economic prosperity across Africa. To help institutions prevent scandals & promote performance, Gbenga founded Polivoice.Work, an anonymous employee feedback tool that captures & analyses feedback anonymously in real time to detect, predict & improve work place conditions. A Mandela Washington Fellow, Tony Elumelu Fellow, Royal Common wealth society fellow, YALI star of business & YALI network influencer, Olugbenga is the founder of Africa’s biggest orphanage outreach, The Orphan Empowerment Society, with a 5,000 strong volunteer force and a presence in 19 African countries empowering thousands of orphans with free vocational skills, medical care, & food. He is also the co-founder of the communication & leadership organization, Pacesetters Leadership Club.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: